Dialectic style of books

Like computational notebooks. See also Domain-Learning with Computational Microworlds

Hillel Wayne's Progressive Cheatsheets

The Little Schemer, The Little Typer, etc

For every paragraph, a problem http://intellectualmathematics.com/calculus/

Debord's Society of the Spectacle has numbered paragraphs (thanks Azlen Elza)

A Pattern Language too of course (numbered patterns)

Related Exploding PDFs

The manga guide to X